Tuesday, January 29, 2013

What can you do with your Eye Contusion or Black Eye

An eye contusion is a bruise around the eye, commonly called a black eye. It may occur when a blow is sustained in or near the eye socket. If a bruise appears, it will usually do so within 24 hours of the injury.


After being struck in the eye or nose, blood leaks into the area surrounding the eye.

Risk Factors

  • Participation in high impact sports such as basketball, football, hockey, and boxing
  • Occupations that expose the eye to potential injury, such as manufacturing, construction, and athletics
  • Violence


A black and blue or purple mark will appear following the injury. There may also be redness, swelling, and tenderness or pain. Once it begins to heal, the contusion may turn yellow.

Knowing Bird's Flu or Avian Influenza

Avian influenza is a strain of influenza that primarily infects birds. It is often called the bird flu. In Asia and Africa, there have been cases of avian influenza that have infected humans.

To date there have been few cases of human illness. However, many infected patients have died. There is also concern that the virus could become more efficient at infecting humans. Some health experts are concerned that this could eventually cause a pandemic of this disease. A pandemic is a worldwide outbreak. However, the virus is not currently increasing in severity.

How to control Bed Wetting

Bed-wetting is involuntary urination during sleep in children. Typically children become able to sleep through the night without wetting around ages 3 to 5 years. Talk to your doctor if your child has bed-wetting after age 5 years. There are two types bed-wetting (also called enuresis):
  • Primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE)—no periods of nighttime dryness
  • Secondary nocturnal enuresis (SNE)—periods of nighttime dryness longer than 6 months followed by bed-wetting
Bed-wetting is common and not related to a medical condition. Most will stop by the time the child reaches puberty. However, bed-wetting remains a problem for up to 1% of adults.

What is Pressure Sores or Bedsore, how to manage it.

A pressure sore is a lesion that develops on the skin and underlying tissues due to unrelieved pressure usually over a bony prominence. The skin and tissues rely on an adequate blood supply for oxygen and nutrients. When tissues are compressed for an extended period from hours to days, blood supply can be cut off, leading to development of a sore.


Pressure sores result from lying or sitting in one position for too long a time. Prolonged pressure cuts off the blood supply to tissues that are compressed between a bony area and a mattress, chair, or other object. Without oxygen and nutrients, the

Monday, January 21, 2013

What causes your Ankle Sprain

An ankle sprain is a partial or complete tear of the ligaments that support the ankle. Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that cross joints and connect bones to each other.


Ankle sprains may be caused by:
  • Falling
  • Sudden twisting of the ankle, such as:
    • Stepping on an uneven surface or in a hole
    • Taking an awkward step when running, jumping, or stepping up or down
    • Having your ankle "roll over" when playing sports or exercising (called inversion of the foot)

What is Amoebic Dysentery

Amoebic dysentery is an intestinal illness associated with stomach pain, bloody stools, and fever. This condition can be treated.


Amoebic dysentery is caused by a parasite called Entamoeba histolytica. You may develop amoebic dysentery if you:
  • Put something in your mouth that has touched the stool of a person infected with E histolytica
  • Swallow water or food that has been contaminated with E histolytica
  • Touch cysts (eggs) from E histolytica -contaminated surfaces and bring them to your

What is Appendicitis

The appendix is a small, tube-like organ that hangs from the large intestine. Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. The appendix has no known function.



Appendicitis usually occurs when the appendix becomes inflamed. This can be caused by something trapped in the appendix, such as:
  • A piece of dried stool
  • A piece of food
  • Tumors
  • Scar tissue
  • Worms
  • Barium after an exam
  • Overgrowth of the lymph tissue of the appendix

What to do with your Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot is a fungal infection that typically occurs on the feet. The infection is common among people who exercise or play sports. Anyone can get athlete's foot.

Fungus thrives in warm, dark, moist places, such as the inside of a shoe, locker rooms, showers, and swimming pools. Your bare feet come in contact with the fungus when you walk through a contaminated area. The fungus will grow if your feet or the area between your toes stays slightly wet.

Risk Factors

Risk factors that increase your chances of getting athlete's foot include:

What to do with your Asthma

Asthma is a chronic condition of the airways or tubes of the lungs. It narrows the airways and make it difficult to breathe.


The exact cause of asthma is not clear. It may be caused by a combination of factors including environment, genetics, and biology.
Asthma symptoms are caused by an increased sensitivity of the airways to certain triggers. The triggers cause the lining of the airways to swell and produce extra fluid called mucus. At the same time the muscles around the outside of the airway tighten in response to the irritation. All of these reactions narrow the airways and make it difficult to breathe. This response is often referred to as an asthma attack.

Possible triggers of an asthma attack in a person with asthma include:
  • Viral illness
  • Exercise
  • Cold weather
  • Sinusitis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Sulfites used in dried fruits and wine
  • Medications, such as aspirin , ibuprofen , and beta-blockers
  • Exposure to irritants or allergens, including:
    • Cigarette smoke
    • Smoke from a wood-burning stove
    • Pet dander
    • Dust
    • Chemicals
    • Mold and mildew
    • Pollen
    • Smog or air pollution
    • Perfumed products

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase you risk for asthma include:
  • Regularly breathing in cigarette smoke (including second-hand smoke)
  • Regularly breathing in industrial or agricultural chemicals
  • A family member who has asthma
  • History of multiple respiratory infections during childhood
  • Being overweight
  • History of wheezing or asthma as a child
  • Having allergies
  • Your mother smoked during pregnancy


Symptoms include:
  • Wheezing
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Trouble breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Limited exercise tolerance, difficulty keeping up with peers


The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your doctor may also do some tests to measure lung functions. They may include:
  • Peak flow examination—blowing quickly and forcefully into a special instrument that measures your output of air
  • Pulmonary function tests (PFTs)—breathing into a machine that records information about the function of your lungs
  • Reversibility testing—tests for relief of airflow obstruction when medicines such as albuteral or ipratropium are given.
  • Bronchoprovocation tests—lung function tests performed after exposure to methacholine to stimulate asthma; can help to confirm asthma in unclear cases
  • Exhaled nitric oxide (a marker of airway inflammation)—to help monitor asthma control
Your doctor may also do some allergy tests. The test will help determine if allergies are causing symptoms. The test may include skin pricks or blood tests.


The treatment strategy for asthma includes:
  • Medications
  • Avoidance of allergens and irritants and control of contributing factors (eg, gastroesophageal reflux and sinusitis)
  • Regular assessment and monitoring
You and your doctor should also create an asthma action plan. This is a plan you will follow to help control your asthma and handle asthma attacks.

Asthma Medications

Medications Used to Control Asthma

These medications are used to control the chronic swelling. It will help to avoid asthma attacks, but will not treat an existing attack:
  • Inhaled corticosteroid—used daily to reduce inflammation in your airways
  • Long-acting beta agonists—(eg, inhaled salmeterol ) used daily to prevent asthma attacks; in most cases, prescribed with an inhaled corticosteroid
    • May increase the risk of asthma-related death, intubation (putting a tube in the windpipe to breath), and hospitalization—If you have any concerns, talk to your doctor.
  • Cromolyn sodium or nedocromil sodium inhaler—used daily to prevent asthma flare-ups or to prevent exercise-induced symptoms
  • Zafirlukast , zileuton , and montelukast —taken daily to help prevent asthma attacks
  • Omalizumab (Xolair)—a monoclonal antibody against immunoglobulin E (IgE), given as an injection under the skin, used along with other medications for patients with harder to control asthma
  • Theophylline —taken daily to help prevent asthma attacks, not as commonly used because of interactions with other drugs

Medications Used to Treat an Asthma Attack

These medications are used to treat an existing asthma attack:
  • Quick-acting beta agonists—(eg, inhaled albuterol , xopenex ) relax your airways so that they become wider again, may also be used to avoid exercise-induced asthma attacks
  • Anticholinergic agents—inhaled medications, such as ipratropium , that function as a bronchodilator, typically only used in an emergency setting
  • Corticosteroids—pills, injections, or intravenous (IV) medications given to treat acute flare-up of symptoms
    • Pills may be taken for a longer period of time. They may also be recommended to help control asthma if you have severe asthma that isn't responding to other treatments.

Other Treatments

Prevention is an important step in asthma care. Allergy avoidance can be very effective with asthma that is exacerbated by allergens. Some general tips for allergen avoidance include:
  • Avoid outside activities if there are high levels of air pollution, pollen, or mold spores.
  • During seasons with high pollen or mold spores keep your windows closed. Air conditioning may help filter out allergens during warm seasons.
  • Consider getting a portable HEPA unit air cleaner to use in sleeping areas.
  • Consider getting HEPA filters for your heating/cooling system and your vacuum cleaner.
  • Have someone else vacuum for you. Avoid a room that has been freshly vacuumed. If you do vacuum, use a dust mask.
  • Keep the humidity down in your house. This may help prevent the growth of mold.
  • Treat allergies and sinusitis as recommended.
If allergies trigger your asthma attacks, ask your doctor about allergy shots. If you commonly have stuffy, runny, or itchy nose, these shots may improve your asthma.

In addition, it may be helpful to learn breathing techniques. Ask your doctor for recommendations.


Your asthma plan may need to be adjusted to adapt to changes in your life or health. Staying in contact with your doctor between visits can help you have better control of your asthma. Contact may occur over the phone, through email, or through your doctor's website.


There are no guidelines for preventing asthma because the cause is unknown. However, you can help prevent asthma attacks by avoiding things that trigger your attacks. Triggers can vary from person to person but some general guidelines include:
  • Avoid strong chemicals or odors like perfume.
  • Avoid strenuous outdoor exercise during days with high air pollution, a high pollen count, or a high ozone level.
  • Get a yearly seasonal flu shot. Colds and flus can exacerbate asthma.
  • Don't smoke. If you are pregnant, it is very important that you do not smoke.
  • Avoid secondhand smoke. Do not allow anyone to smoke in your home.
  • Don't use a wood-burning stove or fireplace, including unvented gas fireplaces.
  • If cold weather triggers your asthma, avoid strenuous activities in cold weather. If you must, use a scarf or mask to warm the air before it reaches your lungs.
Talk to your doctor about:
  • An appropriate level of exercise for you
  • Ways track your asthma to help identify and treat flare-ups right away.
  • Your work, hobbies, and home activities to see if any of these may be causing or worsening your asthma.

Identify and manage Anorexia

Anorexia is an eating disorder . It occurs when a person's obsession with diet and exercise leads to extreme weight loss. The disorder is considered if a person refuses to maintain a body weight at or above 85% of their ideal body weight. It can be fatal.
The cause is still unknown.

Risk Factors

A risk factor increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors for anorexia include the following:
  • Sex: female
  • Age: adolescence or early adulthood
  • Low self-esteem
  • Feelings of helplessness
  • Perfectionism
  • Fear of becoming overweight
  • Familial pressure to be thin
  • Families that are overprotective, rigid, not involved, or in conflict
  • Family history of eating disorders
  • Emotional stress
  • Mood disorders, such as depression or generalized anxiety disorder
  • Personality disorders
  • Influenced by social and fashion trends emphasizing or glamorizing thinness


Symptoms may include:
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Obsession with food, calories, and fat content
  • Dieting even when thin
  • Intense fear of gaining weight, even when underweight
  • Body dysmorphia—distorted self-image of being overweight despite evidence of the opposite
  • Basing self-evaluation heavily on body weight or shape
  • Loss of menstrual periods (secondary amenorrhea) or delay in menarche (onset of periods)
  • Excessive exercising
  • Feeling cold, especially hands and feet
  • Being secretive about food
  • Hair loss and/or growth of fine hair on the body
  • Fainting or severe light-headedness
  • Constipation
  • Depression and/or anxiety
  • Heart palpitations
Anorexia often leads to a number of serious medical problems including:
  • Amenorrhea (loss of periods)
  • Osteoporosis
  • Cardiac problems—can be fatal


The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. There will also be psychological tests. There may be lab tests. Findings may include:
  • Excessive loss of body fat
  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Low heart rate
  • Low blood pressure, particularly when standing
  • Decreased bone density
  • Signs of a slow metabolism


The goal of treatment is to get you back to a healthy weight and keep you there. A healthy weight is above 85% of your ideal weight. To achieve this, your intake of calories is gradually increased. This can be accomplished through a number of interventions, including the following:

Nutritional Consultation

A dietician may be consulted to help you learn more about the components of a healthy diet. The dietician will also talk to you about reasonable weight goals and calorie goals.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavioral therapists help you develop a healthier and more realistic self-image. The therapist will help you find new ways to think about your body and your diet.

Interpersonal Therapy

Therapy can help you understand and cope with concerns about your relationships.

Family Therapy

Families often play a role in eating disorders. Many patients cannot recover unless their families are involved in the changes. All families need to understand the disorder and provide support.


In some cases, anorexic patients benefit from a combination of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication. In particular, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (such as sertraline [ Zoloft ] or fluoxetine [ Prozac ]) are used. Used alone, antidepressant therapy is not an effective treatment for anorexia.

Addressing Nutritional Status and Loss of Bone Density

Medications and supplements may include:
  • Vitamins and minerals to maintain adequate nutrition
  • Hormone replacement to resume menstruation and prevent bone loss


Hospitalization may be necessary if:
  • Weight is 25%-30% below ideal body weight
  • There are signs of serious physical or emotional deterioration
If you are diagnosed with anorexia, follow your doctor's instructions .


There are no guidelines for preventing anorexia. Early detection and treatment is the best option.

New Study Revealed Most Common Reasons For Seeing A Doctor

The study included data from 14,000 people in Olmsted County, Minn., who were part of the Rochester Epidemiology Project and who visited a doctor or other health care provider sometime between Jan. 1, 2005 and Dec. 31, 2009.

They found that the top 10 most common reasons for seeing the doctor were:
1. Skin disorders, including cysts, acne and dermatitis.
2. Joint disorders, including osteoarthritis.
3. Back problems.
4. Cholesterol problems.
5. Upper respiratory conditions.
6. Anxiety, bipolar disorder and depression.
7. Chronic neurological disorders.
8. High blood pressure.
9. Headaches and migraines.
10. Diabetes.

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Knowing Autism and its Treatment

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder. This means that problems in brain development cause autism. Scientists are searching for answers about what causes these development problems. Studies suggest:
  • Autism seems to run in some families. Several genes may be involved.
  • Problems during pregnancy or delivery may interfere with normal brain development.
  • Something in the environment that a child is exposed to may be a factor.
Risk Factors
These factors increase your chance of developing autism:
  • Sex: male (Boys are four times more likely to have autism than girls.)
  • Family history: siblings of a child with autism have a 3%-7% chance of being autistic.
  • A number of other conditions are related to autism, although the relationship between them is not clear:
  • Having parents who are older
Autism usually first appears during early childhood (2-6 years old). The severity of symptoms varies. Behaviors and abilities may differ from day to day. Symptoms may decrease as the child grows older. Children with autism may have a combination of abnormal behaviors.

Symptoms include:
  • Avoiding social contact
  • Having problems with language (loss of language)
  • Using words incorrectly
  • Communicating with motions instead of words
  • Avoiding eye contact
  • Having trouble with nonverbal communication
  • Lacking interest in normal activities for that age
  • Spending a lot of time alone
  • Not playing imaginatively
  • Not starting pretend games
  • Not imitating others
  • Having sensitivity to sound, smell, taste, sights, and touch
  • Reacting to stimulation in an abnormal way
  • Not reacting to smiles
  • Being hyperactive
  • Being passive
  • Having tantrums
  • Being single-minded
  • Being aggressive
  • Hurting self (self-mutilation)
  • Repetitive movement, such as rocking or flapping a hand
  • Resisting change
  • Forming unusual attachments to objects
  • Sniffing or licking of toys
  • Not understanding other peoples' feelings and needs
  • Having constipation and being a picky eater
Some people with autism suffer from other disorders as well, including:
Doctors who specialize in autism will observe the child's behavior, social contacts, and communication abilities. They will evaluate mental and social development. Parents will be asked about the child's behavior. Some doctors ask parents to bring in videos of the child at home.

Tests may include:
  • Neuropsychological tests
  • Questionnaires and observation schedules
  • Intelligence tests
Medical tests to rule out other conditions that cause similar symptoms may include:
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • DNA testing
An Electroencephalogram (EEG) may also be done to record brain activity.

There is no cure for autism. The severity of symptoms may decrease over the years. Children with autism and their families may benefit from early intervention. Children aged 18-30 months who had high-intensity intervention showed improvements in their IQ, language, and behavior.

Children with autism respond well to a structured, expected schedule. Many children with autism learn to cope with their disabilities. Most need assistance and support throughout their lives. Others are able to work and live independently when they grow up.

Children with autism can benefit from:

Special Education
Programs that meet the child's special needs improve the odds of learning. Children with autism may have trouble with assignments, concentration, andanxiety. Teachers who understand the condition can work with the child's abilities. Programs should use the child's interests. Some children do better in a small-group setting. Others do well in regular classrooms with special support. Vocational training can help prepare young adults for a job.

Therapy Services
Speech, physical, and occupational therapies may improve speech and activities. Children with autism need help developing social skills. Mental health professionals can help a family cope with caring for a child with autism. Counselors help parents learn how to manage behaviors.

There are no drugs to treat autism. Some drugs are used to help manage symptoms. Aripiprazole and risperidone are the only drugs currently approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat autism-related symptoms. Medicines for anxiety and depression can also help treat obsessive and aggressive behaviors. Your child's doctor may use other medicines to help control other disruptive behaviors.

Other Therapies
There are other treatments available. These include dietary changes and alternative therapies. Talk with your child's doctor first to see if any of these would be helpful for your child.

There are no guidelines for preventing autism. The cause is unknown. Scientists are searching for its underlying causes.

Knowing and controlling Anxiety

Anxiety may occur with other conditions, such as alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and depression.


Anxiety disorders may result from a combination of factors, such as:
  • Genetics
  • Factors in the environment
Chemical imbalances in the brain (e.g., serotonin, norepinephrine) may also play a role.

Risk Factors

Factors that may increase the risk of anxiety disorders include:
  • Sex: female
  • Family member with anxiety disorders
  • Stressful life events
  • Poor coping strategies
  • History of physical or psychological trauma


Psychological symptoms may include:
  • Worry or dread
  • Obsessive or intrusive thoughts
  • Sense of imminent danger or catastrophe
  • Fear or panic
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Impatience
  • Ambivalence (uncertainty)
  • Trouble concentrating
Physical symptoms may include:
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sweating (especially the palms)
  • Dry mouth
  • Flushing or blushing
  • Muscle tension
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling lightheaded or fainting
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Shaking
  • Choking sensation
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Feeling of "butterflies" in the stomach
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Tingling sensations
  • Nail biting or other habitual behavior


Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history and perform a psychiatric evaluation. Your doctor may also do a physical exam and order tests to look for other causes of your symptoms. You may be referred to a psychotherapist for further evaluation.


Effective treatment usually involves a combination of interventions, including:

Lifestyle Changes

  • Get sufficient rest and sleep.
  • If you smoke, quit.
  • Reduce or eliminate caffeinated beverages.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation.
  • Avoid using drugs.
  • Reduce exposure to stressful environments.
  • Exercise regularly.

Relaxation Techniques

  • Practice deep breathing and meditation.
  • Learn how to do progressive muscle relaxation.
  • Work with a massage therapist.
  • Engage in pleasurable activities.
  • Do yoga.

Social Support

  • Have a strong support system of family and friends.
  • Seek therapy to improve your coping skills.
  • Join a support group.


This therapy addresses thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that play a role in anxiety. It helps you work through traumas and conflicts.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can help you identify negative thought patterns and behaviors. Over time, you can learn to retrain your thinking. This will help you respond better to stress and anxiety.
CBT has been very effective in children and teens.


For severe anxiety or anxiety disorder, medicines may include:
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Buspirone
  • Antidepressants (e.g., tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [SSRIs])
If you are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, follow your doctor's instructions.


To help prevent anxiety, consider taking the following steps:
  • Avoid situations, occupations, and people that cause you stress.
  • If unavoidable, confront and overcome situations that provoke anxiety.
  • Find a relaxation technique that works for you. Use it regularly.
  • Develop and maintain a strong social support system.
  • Express your emotions when they happen.
  • Challenge irrational beliefs and thoughts that are not helpful to you.
  • Correct misperceptions. Ask others for their points of view.
  • Work with a therapist.
  • Avoid using nicotine or other drugs. If you drink alcohol, drink only in moderation.

How to take care Dog Bites


The goal of treatment is to promote healing, decrease the risk of infection, and prevent complications. If your dog bit you and it has had all its vaccinations, you may be able to treat a minor wound yourself. However, call your provider for medical advice. Receiving medical care within the first 24 hours decreases the chance of infection.

Seek medical care in these situations:
  • Bite from any wild animal (Bites from rabbits and rodents (squirrels, mice, rats) are quite unlikely to cause rabies.)
  • Cat or human bites (These are particularly prone to developing rapid and serious infection.)
  • Deep or large wound
  • Infection
  • Five or more years since your last tetanus shot
Regardless of the severity of the bite, see a doctor if you have a chronic medical condition, such as:
  • Diabetes
  • Liver disease
  • Heart or lung disease
  • Arthritis or lupus
  • Poor circulation
  • Cancer
  • Immune system deficiency


  • Wash the wound with soap and water for at least five minutes.
  • Apply pressure with a clean towel to stop the bleeding.
  • If bleeding does not stop within 15 minutes, seek immediate medical care.
  • Place a sterile bandage on the open area.
  • Elevate the wound, keeping the area above the level of your heart to decrease swelling.
  • Keep the bandage clean and dry.
  • Check the wound regularly for signs of infection.

Medical Care

Your doctor can clean the wound, washing the tissue with large amounts of fluid. Debris and dead tissue can be removed. The wound may or may not be closed with stitches. It often is kept open to decrease the risk of infection. After 24 hours, the doctor may use adhesive strips to bring the edges of the wound closer together. Antibiotics may be ordered and a tetanus shot may be given

Be sure to tell your doctor as much as you can about the animal that you bit you and the circumstances surrounding the incident. If the identity of the animal is unknown and it cannot be monitored for rabies, you may need to receive treatment to prevent this life-threatening disease.

If you have had an animal bite, follow your doctor's instructions .


To avoid being bitten by an animal:
  • Be aware that most animal bites are from dogs. Dog owners are most likely to be bitten by their own dog.
  • Do not try to touch or restrain your own dog when it is injured or fighting with another dog.
  • Never approach a dog or another animal that you are unfamiliar with. Do not pet or play with sick or strange animals.
  • Do not run past a dog.
  • If a dog approaches you, stay calm and let it sniff you. Do not make eye contact. Wait until the dog leaves or slowly backs away. If you are knocked to the ground, roll into a ball and protect your head and neck with your hands.
  • Be alert to signs like ear position or bared teeth. These are signs that a dog may bite.
  • Carefully select pets. People with children should look for animals with easy-going temperaments.
  • Socialize and train your pet.
  • Supervise children's interactions with animals. Teach children to respect animals and not put their faces close to a pet. Do not allow teasing or tail pulling.
  • Do not wrestle with or promote aggression in your dog.
  • Do not bother an animal that is eating or sleeping.

Can I Get Cancer From Oral Sex?

Here are the answers from a lot of speculations and assumption regarding oral sex, read and be guided..

Can I Get Cancer From Oral Sex?
Source: Mount Sinai Medical Center

Monday, January 14, 2013

10 Reasons to QUIT Smoking That Have Nothing To Do With Your Lungs

The benefits of not smoking aside from saving your lungs..

You'll Be Less Anxious
Even though smokers may believe taking a long drag on a cigarette can help to calm nerves, a British study published earlier this year suggests that quitting can actually decrease anxiety more over the long-term.
"People who achieve abstinence experience amarked reduction in anxiety whereas those who fail to quit experience a modest increase in the long term," researchers wrote in the British Journal of Psychiatry study, as reported by CBC News.
Similarly, a 2010 study in the journal Addiction showed that perceived stress decreased for people who quit smoking for a year after hospitalization for heart disease, Reuters reported.

Your Mouth Will Thank You
Quitting the habit could dramatically decrease your risk of dental problems like cavities and gum disease, and even more dangerous conditions like oral cancer, according to a study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
HealthDay reported that compared with former smokers, smokers have a 1.5-times higher risk of developing at least three oral health conditions.

Your Sex Life Will Be Better
Here's a bedroom-related reason to quit smoking: studies have suggested a link between smoking and decreased sex drives for both men andwomen. Studies published in 2008 in the Journal of Sexual Medicine showed that nicotine can affect even nonsmoking men's and women's sexual arousal.
And if that's not enough to convince you, well, there's also this.

You'll Save Your Skin
If you want your skin to be at its best, then you're better off quitting cigarettes. WebMD points out that smoking affects skin tone, promotes sagginess and, of course, causes those wrinkles around the lip area.
However, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery notes that just a month-and-a-half after quitting smoking, your skin will already begin to look better.

You'll Have More Locks
If you love your hair, maybe it's time to put the cigarettes down. Research has linked smoking with an increased risk of male pattern baldness.
BBC News reported in 2007 on a Archives of Dermatology study, showing even after taking into account other hair-loss risk factors like age and race, heavy smoking (at least 20 cigarettes daily) raised the risk of baldness.
And a 2011 study showed that smoking, stress, drinking and genes were all risk factors for baldness, WebMD reported.

Your Mood Will ImproveHere's a pretty good benefit: Stopping smoking could make you a happier person, according to research from Brown University.
Researchers there found that smokers werenever happier than when they were quitting smoking, even if they went back to smoking afterward.
According to a news release:
The most illustrative — and somewhat tragic — subjects were the ones who only quit temporarily. Their moods were clearly brightest at the checkups when they were abstinent. After going back to smoking, their mood darkened, in some cases to higher levels of sadness than before.

You'll Have More Birthdays
Stopping smoking may help women live a decade longer than they would have if they had continued lighting up, according to a 2012 study in The Lancet.
Researchers also found that the more the women smoked, the higher their risk of premature death, with even "light" smokers (those who smoked just one to nine cigarettes a day) having a doubled risk of death compared with non-smokers.
"If women smoke like men, they die like men -- but, whether they are men or women, smokers who stop before reaching middle age will on average gain about an extra ten years of life," study researcher Professor Sir Richard Peto, of the University of Oxford, said in a statement.

You'll Improve Your Pregnancy Chances
If you're trying to conceive, one of the best things you can do is to quit smoking, research shows. NBC News reported that women smokers have a 60 percent higher chance of being infertile, compared with nonsmokers. Smoking is also linked to more spontaneous miscarriages, according to NBC News.

You'll Enjoy Food More
If you don't like bland food, then don't smoke, research suggests. A small 2009 study of Greek soldiers shows an association between smoking and "fewer and flatter" taste buds, according to a statement on the research.

Your Colds Won't Be As Bad
Mild cold symptoms could take on a more serious form for smokers, according to a study from Yale University researchers. The findings, published in 2008 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, showed an overreaction of the immune systems of cigarette smoke-exposed mice when exposed to a virus similar to the flu.
"The anti-viral responses in the cigarette smoke exposed mice were not only not defective, but were hyperactive," study researcher Dr. Jack A. Elias, M.D., said in a statement. "These findings suggest that smokers do not get in trouble because they can't clear or fight off the virus; they get in trouble because they overreact to it."

Words that will Hurt and will not Hurt Cancer Patients

No one deliberately says something hurtful to someone diagnosed with a disease. But sometimes, it comes out and it's hard to stop. I could very well have said something stupid to a cancer patient. I have been the recipient of some strange remarks. Not all bad. Mostly powerful, encouraging comments of love and support. But it is amazing what a few shitty comments will do to the soul during such a fragile time. The amount of support needed cannot be underestimated. But how? In what ways? Words? Actions? Food? Gifts? A smile? Information? How do you support someone who is facing the disease of their own body? What do you say? What do you not say?
Top 10 list of what not to say or do to your friend who has been diagnosed with cancer:

1. Don't be so negative -- maybe your hair won't fall out.
2. Do you really need to wear that "schmata" (wig) in the house -- isn't it hot?
3. I threw up after my mastectomy.
4. My peach fuzz hair fell out after my last chemo.
5. You know you shouldn't eat any sugar, right?
6. Don't use antiperspirant.
7. You must wake up every day and think you're in a terrible nightmare.
8. Do you feel awful?
9. I was shocked when I found out about you.
10. I'd go without a wig if it were me.

Top 10 list of things to say (or do):

1. Send a basket of food -- no spices or grease. Healthy soup is a good one.
2. Send a thoughtful or humorous card. (I received many that I will always treasure.)
3. Talk about someone who is at least five years out and doing really well.
4. Compliment on an article of clothing or piece of jewelry.
5. Tell the person you are thinking of them every day and sending positive thoughts in their direction.
6. Tell them you are visualizing their well-being and sending them love.
7. Give them a hug.
8. Put a date in your calendar to call them -- and call them -- just to say hi, or email them just to say hi. (This sounds so simple, but receiving a call or message is a wonderful connection during a time that feels so disconnected.)
9. Tell them something really funny, or recommend funny movies. (Cancer patients actually do laugh.)
10. Pray for them, and tell them that you will.

Thursday, January 3, 2013

7 Foods To Eat Before Drinking for Hangover Prevention

There's a reason the pickleback is a popular hangover cure: drinking robs the body of electrolytes and drinking salty brine can help replace them. Get a head start by eating pickles or another salty snack before you're dehydrated.

A small handful of almonds before drinking is an old Native American hangover antidote. And Gwyneth Paltrow's GOOP newsletter suggests eating a sandwich with almond butter, honey and banana before passing out.

Ingesting prickly pear cactus extract before going out can help relieve hangover symptoms,according to a 2004 study. If you're feeling ambitious, cook the plant to make juice -- or take a dietary supplement.

Alcohol quickly depletes the body of the B vitamins. Replacing them with a B complex pill or a natural source such as hummus -- and the amino acids in the tahini don't hurt either -- can help ward off hangover symptoms.

Eggs are a good source of cysteine, an amino acid that helps break down the toxins found in alcohol. Have a couple before going out -- don't wait until brunch to start feeling the benefits.

A glass of milk will line the stomach and slow the absorption of booze. Don't try this one if you have trouble digesting lactose.

In a 2009 study, amino acids found in asparagus were shown to help metabolize alcohol and protect liver cells.

Tuesday, January 1, 2013

How to manage your stubborn Pimples

  When a child reaches puberty, or the teenage years, his body starts to produce sex hormones. These hormones, responsible for child's physical development, affects the skin as well. Acne or pimples start to appear because they are influenced by androgenic or male sex hormones. Women taking contraceptive pills are also susceptible to acne formation.

What can you do?
  Always be gentle with your skin. Do not touch, prick, or squeeze your pimples. It can lead to deep or pitted scars. Instead leave the pimples alone and allow the inflammation to subside. They will gradually disappear when teens get to be in the early 20s for males and a little later for females.
  Use only mild baby soap. Avoid using antibacterial soap or cosmetics with heavy oils like cocoa butter, or cleansers and creams with moisturizers.
  If your pimples are in chest and back, avoid using tight clothes, constant rubbing in the area, and using strong and heavily scented shampoos and conditioner (if you have long hair) as they may irritate sensitive skin.
  Always drink plenty of water and eat healthy food. Avoid meaty or oily foods. Always get enough rest and sleep.

What the Doctor do?
  Cosmetics and dermatologists doctors can help. If hormonal imbalance is apparent, then your doctor can put you on hormonal pills for a short period.
  Anti-pimple preparations are available like tretinoin, benzoyl peroxide, antibiotic creams, and tablets. But don't use them without prescriptions.
  For acutely inflamed or big pimples, comedo surgery is advised.

  How about Acne:
  •  Hot, humid environment may clog sebaceous gland opening.
  • Sun exposure can cause acne eruption.
  • Sunscreens can cause comedones due to their heavy cream content.
  • Oily or greasy cosmetics and hair treatments can exacerbate acne.
  • Certain medicines like steroids, Vitamin B12, INH, and iodides can trigger acne formation.
  • Acute, stressful situation can cause acne flare ups.
  • Too much vitamin A intake to treat acne can cause toxicity.